Pelangi Beach Resort and Spa, Langkawi

Pelangi Beach Resort in Pulau Langkawi, Malaysia was designed based on the concept of Malay “Kampung” or Village.  It is a reflection of a series of small buildings arranged at random in the spirit of the indigenous layout.  Although it may be seen as randomly arranged, the layout of the buildings also reflect the hierarchy of the spaces whereby the centre of focus is the main building which houses the public facilities surrounding which are the buildings for chalets of different sizes.  The hierarchy is also reflected in the scale and proportion with respect to the rest of the chalets and further enhanced by the amount of architectural details reflected in the main building.

The chalets are arranged in a series of clusters, each with its own focus.  Each cluster of chalets addresses a different theme which varies from a swimming pool to landscaped courtyard, an exercise node or even a landscaped pond.

The chalets are linked to each other by an informal footpath which meanders with the landscape and existing coconut trees complimented by local plants and shrubs.

The main architectural focus of the building is the prominent roof form which is the adaptation of the traditional “Bumbung Panjang” of the Malay houses found in the state of Kedah.  It is basically of a hip-gable roof with the gable ends terminating with a scissor-shaped timber barge board.  The richness of the Malay architecture and thus this project is reflected in the elaborate timber decorative panels and bend-saw cuttings in the floral motifs taken from the flowers found in the state of Kedah.

The interior of the resort is basically dictated by the building concept which gives a rustic and original “Kampung” feeling and thus enhances the overall theme.

Environmentally, the local tropical environment is optimised as reflected in the “no-wall” spaces which can be seen in the Lobby, whereby cross-ventilation is induced as a result of the openness of the building.  This is further enhanced by the high exposed timber pitched roofs.  The environmental condition is also considered in the guestrooms whereby full height timber casement windows, with louvres, which can be adjusted, are provided at both ends of the rooms permitting air to flow in and at the same time cutting away any glare.

The concept of the Malay “Kampung” resort is not new but Pelangi Beach Resort, Langkawi can be safely claimed to be the largest resort of timber structure and such theme in Malaysia.

The idea of the Malay House architecture with the prominent pitched roof and timber structures is definitely worth considering as a built-form especially when Malaysia was in the process of searching for a Local Malaysian architectural identity.

Pernas OUE Sdn Bhd
Completed 1994
Pelangi Beach Resort and Spa, LangkawiPelangi Beach Resort and Spa, LangkawiPelangi Beach Resort and Spa, LangkawiPelangi Beach Resort and Spa, Langkawi
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